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Most Israelis and Palestinians are disillusioned with the status quo characterized by conflict management and expressed a lack of belief in their current leadership to pursue the right course of action, revealing a disconnect between the preferences of the people and the policies of their respective decision-makers. For more information on the polls click here for Israeli results and here for Palestinian findings.
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Here are some of our highlights and insights:
The two-state solution remains, by far, the most preferred option for solving the conflict amongst the Israeli and Palestinian publics. More than half of the Israeli public expressed support for this option. Among the Palestinians, the two-state solution received double the amount of support than one-state with equal rights for all residents (the second most popular option).
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Despite recent vocal efforts to delegitimize the viability of the two state-solution and in the absence of almost five years of renewed negotiations, the poll reveals that in the eyes of the Israeli and Palestinian public, the two-state solution remains the most preferable and realistic option to solving the conflict.
Both Israelis and Palestinians are firmly in agreement that the continuation of the status quo is bad for the two nations. Current approaches taken by both leaderships, characterized by conflict management rather than conflict resolution, are clearly less popular among their people; the poll’s illustration of public discontent with the status quo serves to illustrate this. An overwhelming 81% of Palestinians said that the current circumstances are detrimental for the Palestinian effort to create an independent state whilst a majority of 56% of Israelis concurred that the current situation without any progress with the Palestinians is negative for Israel. 
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Whilst the majority of the Israeli and Palestinian public showed a desire for change, when asked about what they believe will happen in the upcoming years, the answers were markedly different.

Over half of the Israeli public think that in 10 years from now, the situation will be the same as it is today while only 12% say they want the status quo to remain. It is clear that those who support a return to negotiations deem themselves to be part of a minority. Such thinking impacts their belief in the feasibility of their desired outcome. The poll reveals that only one fifth of Israelis support annexation.
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When the Palestinian public were asked what they think will happen in the next 10 years, despite expressing discontent with the status quo (as depicted above) and support for a two-state solution, only a small amount believe that a state of Palestine along the 1967 lines will be established in the next 10 years.
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Ahead of the upcoming Israeli elections, the poll data displays a visible dissatisfaction with the Israeli governments’ behavior over the course of the last decade. Over half (53%) of the Israeli public said that not enough had been done to reach a peace agreement with the Palestinians. When questioned about their hopes for the future, 44% expect the incoming government, once formed, to make greater efforts to reach an agreement than its predecessor.

Commenting on the findings, the Geneva Initiative’s Israeli Director, Gadi Baltiansky told the Jerusalem Post that it is clear that if the next Israeli government reignites a peace process aimed at a two-state solution, it will have broad public support. “The public is more realistic than some of its leaders and understands that the lack of diplomatic process and a real effort to solve the conflict hurts Israel,” he said.
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With the prospect for Palestinian elections looking more likely in the year ahead, the majority of the Palestinian public support the occurrence of a vote with 68% showing a desire to participate. When asked if they believe that elections will increase the prospects for reunification between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, a slim majority (51%) said they were not optimistic about the outcome. Gazans were more optimistic than West Bankers about the prospect of elections contributing to reunification.

Four-fifths of the public are for the inclusion of an independent youth electoral list in the upcoming election, an indication that there is an enthusiasm for new voices from a younger generation who may provide fresh impetus for generating change.

 “These results show that the Palestinian public are categorically against the current situation on the ground and that they are determined to achieve their national aspirations of statehood based on the two-state solution,” the Palestinian Director of the Geneva Initiative, Nidal Foqaha said about the findings. He added, that “they explicitly show that other alternatives to achieve this outcome are simply unfeasible.”
The Israeli public opinion poll was conducted in November 2019 by I-Panels and was composed of 615 respondents (508 Jews and 107 Arabs) constituting a representative sample of the adult general population.

The Palestinian public opinion poll was conducted in December 2019 by the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PCPSR) from representative sample of 1200 adults in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
To learn about the Geneva Initative's TSI, visit our website, including our elaborative methodology page.
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The Two-State Index (TSI) is brought to you by the Geneva Initiative, a Palestinian-Israeli organization working to promote a negotiated peace agreement in the spirit of the two-state vision. The TSI is produced by an Israeli-Palestinian team, and reflects a unique bilateral perspective.
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This publication was produced with the financial support of the European Union. Its contents are the sole responsibility of the Geneva Initiative’s Two-State Index (TSI) editorial team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.
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